The All Care Foot Center of Palmdale, CA is experienced at treating all types of foot ailments and injuries, from the minor to the severe. Two of the most common cases we see in our offices are ingrown toenails and toenail fungus. Both conditions can cause severe pain and distress and require specific toenail treatment to correct safely and effectively. If you suffer from either of these conditions the foot health professionals at All Care Foot Center can provide relief.
An ingrown toenail occurs when the edges or corners of a nail grow too far underneath the skin beside the nail, breaking through the skin and causing pain and inflammation and possibly infection. It is a very common condition, usually affecting the big toe, and left untreated can become painful enough to be debilitating. It can also be a recurring problem.
- Poor toenail care
- Ill-fitting shoes
- Irregular nail growth
- Incorrect toenail trimming
- Bad posture
Symptoms include pain and redness on the side of the toenail and possibly pus draining from infection. The ingrown toenail treatment your podiatrist will recommend depends on the severity of the condition.
Foot soaking, pushing the skin away from the nail, and medical ointments for the infection might be prescribed, although more serious nail intrusion and infection might require minor surgery to remove part or all of the nail.
Toenail fungus is caused by one of several different types of fungi growing under the surface of the nail. It usually begins with yellow or white spots appearing underneath the nail. Left untreated, the infection can progress to the point where the nail becomes distorted, weak, and brittle and may eventually fall off. Nail fungus can spread to your other toes and possibly be passed to someone else, so early treatment is important.
There are four primary types of toenail fungus:
- Distal subungual onychomycosis – The most common type, it causes discoloration and weakness of the nail.
- Proximal subungual onychomycosis – Shows up as white or yellow spots near the toenail base.
- White superficial onychomycosis – Less common than other types, it is indicated by white patches across the entirety of the nail.
- Candida onychomycosis – A chronic condition usually caused by injury, it causes the nail to become distorted, enlarged, and bulbous.
Symptoms of toenail fungus include yellow, white, or dark spots and streaks under the nail, flaky white areas on the surface, distortion and crumbling of nail tip, and a foul odor. Toenail treatment for nail fungus can include prescription topical or oral medication for minor cases, while more severe conditions might require surgery to remove the nail and apply treatment directly to the nail bed.